Cervical cancer

What is cervical cancer?
Cervical cancer is cancer that starts in the cervix, the lower part of the uterus (womb).  Early screening by cervical smear (through a pap smear) can prevent late diagnosis and guarantees a good outcome. In the past few years, a vaccine was introduced that can prevent infection from viruses that can cause cervical cancer, but its use in Jordan is still limited.

What causes cervical cancer?
Cervical cancer is mainly caused by various strains of the human papilloma virus (HPV), a virus that causes genital warts. Besides contracting HPV, a woman can be at risk of developing cervical cancer due to a number of factors which may include:
• Contracting a chlamydia infection
• Stress and stress-related disorders
• Use of hormonal contraceptives, especially use from an early age
• Family history of cervical cancer
• Multiple pregnancies

Having one or more risk factors does not mean that a woman will definitely get cervical cancer.

What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?
Symptoms of cervical cancer may include the following, although these can also be indicative of other conditions:
• Abnormal vaginal bleeding or vaginal discomfort
• Abnormal vaginal discharge
• Painful urination

As tumor grows and invades surrounding structures, other symptoms may include constipation, blood in the urine, and swelling in the foot, legs or ankles.

How is cervical cancer diagnosed?
Usually a slow-growing cancer that may not have symptoms, cervical cancer can be found with Pap tests (a procedure in which cells are scraped from the cervix and looked at under a microscope). We encourage women to have regular Pap tests, at least once every two years, to increase the chance of detecting cervical cancer early. KHCC’s Early Detection Unit offers Pap tests in addition to other types of clinical tests that can detect cervical cancer, such as DNA testing and CT scan of the pelvis and abdomen.

How is cervical cancer treated at KHCC?
The treating physician will present the case to the MDC panel who will determine the right treatment for the patient depending on how much the cancer has spread throughout the body.

Depending on the stage of the cancer, various forms of treatment for cervical cancer may be explored including: chemotherapy, radiation and surgery. For early invasive cancer, surgery is the treatment of choice. In more advanced cases, radiation combined with chemotherapy is the current standard of care.

Physicians
At KHCC, cervical cancer patients receive the best care through a multidisciplinary team of specialists that is entirely devoted to diagnosing and treating gynecological cancers.

Supportive Care
The gynecology multidisciplinary clinic works in close cooperation with social workers, psychologists, nutritionists and nurse coordinators at KHCC in order to provide patients with the most comprehensive care possible:
Hormone therapy