Wilms Tumor

What is Wilms tumor?
A Wilms tumor is a rare cancer of the kidneys. This type of tumor mostly appears in one kidney, but may be present in both. About 90% of childhood kidney cancers are Wilm’s tumors.

What causes Wilms tumor?
Certain genetic conditions and birth defects can increase the risk of developing Wilms tumor. Parents who have a child who was born with a genetic condition should ask their doctor if that puts them at risk for developing Wilms tumor. If so, the child should be screened every three months for Wilms tumor up until at least age eight.

What are the symptoms of Wilms tumor?
Children with Wilms tumor might experience some of the following symptoms (although these symptoms could be indicative of another condition):
• Swelling or pain in the abdomen
• A lump in the abdomen
• Blood in the urine
• Fever

How is Wilms tumor diagnosed?
If physicians at KHCC suspect that a child has Wilms tumor, they will run a number of tests and diagnostic procedures to determine where exactly in the body the tumor is located, how fast-growing it is and how much it has spread, including:
• Ultrasounds
• CT scan
• MRI scan

How is Wilms tumor treated at KHCC?
The treating physician will present the case to the MDC panel who will determine the right treatment for the child depending on how much the cancer has spread throughout the body

Standard treatment of Wilms tumor is surgery followed by chemotherapy. Depending on the stage of cancer, radiation therapy may be needed.

Pediatric patients receive top quality care from a multidisciplinary team of pediatric oncology specialists that is entirely devoted to diagnosing and treating Wilms tumors and other childhood solid tumors.

Supportive Care
Pediatric services work in close cooperation with other departments at KHCC so that children with Wilms tumor receive the most comprehensive care possible. Supportive care services at KHCC include: